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General Blood Donation FAQs

 
There are many doubts surrounding the donation and receiving of blood. Many people do not donate blood because they are scared that it will harm them in some way, or because they are not sure of what it involves.

This FAQ may allay some doubts. Please CONTACT US with any further questions that you may have. You may also see the presentatition version of this FAQ HERE.

Is it safe to donate blood?
Donating blood is very safe and simple. We use only totally sterile disposable blood bags and needles.

How long will it take to replenish the blood I have given?

Blood volume or plasma is replaced within 24 hours. Red cells need about 21 days for complete replacement.

Who is eligible to donate blood?
In India, you can start donating blood at the age of 18 and up to the age of 60 if you weigh at least 45 kg and be in good health.

Can I donate blood during menstruation?

No, you cannot donate during menstruation.

How often can I donate blood?

Whole blood donors can give blood once every 90 days. Apheresis platelet donors can donate more frequently - as much as twice in one week and upto 24 times a year (Apheresis platelet donation takes only blood components and not whole blood and hence is allowed more often).

How much blood is collected per donation?

Only 350 ml for whole blood if you weigh 45 kg to 50 kg (or) 450ml of blood if you weigh more then 50 kg. This works to just 8-9 ml per Kg while a male has about 26 ml of reserve blood per kg in the body while a female has about 16 ml of reserve per kg.

Who gets the blood that I donate?

Patients in and around Hyderabad benefit from your donation. They include: premature babies, pregnant mothers, cancer patients, hemophiliacs, accident victims, people undergoing various surgeries or transplants, and many others. 40% of the Blood that is collected by the Rotary TTK Blood bank is given to Government Hospitals and free to poor patients.Free transfusion for the Thalasemia patients who need regular monthly blood transfusion throughout life.

What should I do before donating?
We want your donation experience to be pleasant. Please remember :
  • Eat a well-balanced food before you donate.
  • Tell us the name and dosage of any medications you are taking. Medications will not keep you from donating, but the reason for taking them might.
What should I bring with me?
When you come to donate blood, bring the list of medications that you are currently taking.

What happens during blood donation?
  • You will complete a donor registration form that includes your name, address and a few other details.
  • You will be asked a few questions about your health.
  • You will go through a simple medical checkup including blood pressure, and pulse.
  • A drop of blood will be obtained from your finger tip to test for Hemoglobin% and your group.
  • You will proceed to a donor bed where your arm will be cleaned with antiseptic.
  • During the donation process, you will donate 350 ml or 450ml depending on your weight.
  • After the process is over, you will rest for about 5 minutes.
  • Following your donation, you will be given refreshment.
  • Please, remember to take your donor card.
How long does it take to give blood?
The donation process includes registration, medical screening, the blood collection, and time for refreshments. For whole blood, the the actual blood collection takes 5 to 7 minutes. For apheresis (platelet) collections, the entire process takes two hours.

Will I have any problems after donating blood and do I need to take any special care?

No, you will generally not have any problem after donating. However, if you feel light-headed or dizzy even after 5 mts of rest and having refreshments, lie down with your legs raised until the feeling passes. If some bleeding occurs, apply pressure to the site and keep your arm raised for three to five minutes. Our doctor is available to see that you leave the camp perfectly fine.

Please observe the following suggestions post-donation:

  • Increase your fluid intake for the next 24 hours.
  • Do not smoke or chew tobacco for 30 minutes.
  • Avoid strenuous physical exertion, heavy lifting or pulling with the donation arm for at least 24 hrs.
  • However, do not hesitate to contact the blood bank if you have any problems or questions.
Can women also donate as much as men do?
Yes. But for women, the Heaomoglobin count is a significant factor. Often, we see that many women have HB less than 12.0. In such cases, they cannot donate. This is a major reason for lower prevelance of blood donation among women.

What is the universal blood type?
Only 'O' Negative redcells can be given to all other blood groups. It is not available most of the times. Hence, universal donation is not practiced very frequently. Moreover, other specific blood groups are mostly available for transfusion. O positive red cells can be given to other Rh positive groups.
 
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